Sound Uses of Radioactive Materials
Oman is considered one of the leading countries in the field of environment protection by a number of relevant international organizations and agencies as well as many international forums due to the High efforts of His Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said, may God protect him, and his Government.
As a part of the efforts of the Ministry of Environment and Climate Affairs for the protection of the people living and working in agencies that deal with such materials, the Ministry has expanded its restructuring in July 2011 by creating a radiation protection circle for the implementation of a national strategy for protection from radiation hazards.
The responsibilities of the Radiation Protection Department are as follows:
- To prepare, update and implement radiation regulations (both ionizing and non-ionizing radiation.
- To prepare and implement Oman strategy for protection from radiation.
- To operate the early monitoring stations to monitor radiation.
- To take measurements of different levels of radiation among the different Omani environments.
- To cooperate and coordinate on the national, regional and international levels to exchange information of dealing with radioactive materials in its peaceful applications.
- To provide technical advice to those dealing with radioactive materials.
- To issue minutes of seizure under the laws and regulations adopted in the Ministry.
- Licensing and inspecting clients dealing with radioactive substances in the Sultanate.
- To register clients dealing with radioactive substances in the Sultanate whether to import, transport, use and storage. To study and evaluate such requests and enter the licenses for radioactive materials data into the Ministry database. To review the expired licenses and follow-up bodies on the re-export of expired radioactive materials operations or those do not have any use in Sultanate.
- To inspection clients dealing with radioactive substances, whether import, use, storage and re-export. To monitor the implementation of those have been granted licenses from the Ministry to the regulations, decisions and licensing requirements for radioactive materials.
- To operate and maintain early warning stations to monitor radiation as well as to carry out studies and surveys of radiation monitoring and record and save monitor radiation measurements in addition to review and evaluate the work of early-warning stations to monitor radiation and preparing monitoring reports.
Uses radioactive sources in Oman
Due to the importance of the use of radioactive materials as they are characterized of these materials to obtain accurate measurements examination of the various peaceful uses compared with other materials, the number of dealers and registered with the ministry rose to (134) Mtaamlh hand with radioactive substances.
Where diverse uses of radioactive and containing devices in the Sultanate sources in a number of activities such as exploration and production of oil and in X-ray tubes and oil tankers and measuring the density as well as in heavy industries such as smelters, iron, aluminum, copper, oil factories and petrochemical plants and factories the production of cement to measure the level and density of materials used in manufacturing and also frequently used in the measurement of soil moisture and density in infrastructure such as roads, airports and other projects devices.
The need for diagnostics and treatment in the medical field for some incurable diseases has also led to increased demand for the medical use of radioactive materials in the Sultanate, and therefore to the content of these materials precision property in the diagnosis as well as in the elimination of some serious diseases such as cancer and others.
Radiation Protection Procedures Legal Basis
Radiation protection procedures are based on the following:
- The Law on Conservation of Environment and Prevention of Pollution issued by the Royal Decree No. 114/2001, as there are Articles (18, 19 and 20) to regulate the trading of radioactive materials in the Sultanate. The Articles (31, 34, 36 and 37) are on the sanctions resulting from the violation of the provisions organizing trading of radioactive materials.
- The list of monitoring and management of radioactive materials issued by Ministerial Decree No. 249/97 and amended by Ministerial Decree No. 281/2003.
- The Sultanate's membership in the International Atomic Energy Agency; as the Sultanate she joined the Sultanate since 2008 what contributed in supplying the Sultanate with training shops and rehabilitating workers in the field of control and radiation protection.
- The application of the instructions issued by the International Atomic Energy Agency.