Acceding to the Convention Date:
The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) aims to eliminate an entire category of weapons of mass destruction by prohibiting the development, production, acquisition, stockpiling, retention, transfer or use of chemical weapons by States Parties. The Convention came into force in April 1997. The number of states parties now stands at 178.
The Convention is the first of its kind that bans all forms of mass destruction weapon. The convention provides for the right of the world to ensure the destruction of such weapons. It is also the first convention for the disarmament with negotiations done by multilateral parties. This ensures more transparency and ensuring its fair implementation on all states parties.
The chemical industries from the different parts of the world participated at the negotiation stage to ensure their cooperation in ensuring compliance with the convention. As per the convention, the industry facilities will be inspected to ensure nonuse of poisonous chemical materials except for purposes specified by the convention.
States Parties, in turn, must take the steps necessary to enforce that prohibition in respect of persons (natural or legal) within their jurisdiction. Each state party should cooperation fully with the other parties to accelerate the litigation procedures for violators. Each State Party should establish a national entity to be in charge of implementing the convention ( in Oman , the national entity is the Foreign Ministry and the Ministry of Environment and Climate Affairs is the head of the Follow Up and International Enforcement Committee .
Aims of the convention
- Coordinate inspection operations carried out the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) at the industrial or military sites to ensure proper compliance of the convention.
- Prepare the initial and annual reports.
- Helping and protecting member countries that are faced with chemical attacks or threats of chemical attacks.
- Cooperation with state parties and the technical secretariat of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)
The Sultanate is one of the leading countries that approved the Convention vide the Royal Decree NO 122/94. It issued a system for the enforcement of the convention vide the Royal Decree 21/97 establishing the national entity and the follow up committee on the national level.
The Ministry of Environment and Climate Affairs fills up the labels of the chemical materials in schedule of the convention and the DOC after getting the required information from the private sector. The Ministry has established a database (an electronic system) that covers all chemical materials. As for the forms, the Ministry sends these forms after dully completing them to the Foreign Ministry, the national relevant entity. The Sultanate is mandated to disclose nay factory that may produce any chemical materials listed in the Convention. Moreover, the Sultanate may receive international inspectors to conduct regular inspection visits for any factory they are advised of.