Acceding to the Convention Date:
The Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants was adopted by the Conference of Plenipotentiaries on 22 May 2001 in Stockholm, Sweden. The Convention entered into force on 17 May 2004.
The Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants is a global treaty to protect human health and the environment from chemicals that remain intact in the environment for long periods, become widely distributed geographically, accumulate in the fatty tissue of humans and wildlife, and have harmful impacts on human health or on the environment.
Exposure to Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) can lead to serious health effects including certain cancers, birth defects, dysfunctional immune and reproductive systems, greater susceptibility to disease and damages to the central and peripheral nervous systems.
In response to this global problem, the Stockholm Convention, which was adopted in 2001 and entered into force in 2004, requires its parties to take measures to eliminate or reduce the release of POPs into the environment.
Initially, twelve POPs have been recognized as causing adverse effects on humans and the ecosystem and these can be placed in 3 categories:
- Pesticides: aldrin, chlordane, DDT, dieldrin, endrin, heptachlor, hexachlorobenzene, mirex, toxaphene;
- Industrial chemicals: hexachlorobenzene, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs); and
- By-products: hexachlorobenzene; polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/PCDF), and PCBs.
The Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants was adopted by the Conference of Plenipotentiaries on 22 May 2001 in Stockholm, Sweden. The Convention entered into force on 17 May 2004. The Sultanate signed the convention on 4/3/2002 and ratified it on 24th November 2004.
The Ministry in collaboration with the UNEP implemented a number of enabling activities to develop a plan for the implementation of the Stockholm Convention.
The project aims at developing the database for the implementation of the convention and helping the Sultanate to meet its obligations towards the convention. The project also aims at enhancing national capacities with relation to managing persistent organic pollutants and other materials.
The aims of the convention
- Limit or reduce the use of persistent chemical pollutants.
- Develop the requirements to limit the effects that may cause damage to public health and environment – through UNEP.
- The convention provides an effective international mechanism that aim at developing preventive measures with relation to the production, import, export, use and disposal of persistent organic chemical pollutants to protect man and environment health.
- The Convention provides the necessary measures to reduce or eliminate persistent organic chemical pollutants, ensure safer disposal of its stockpiles or wastes. It also promotes building of national capacities and providing technical and financial subsidy to certain countries.